Category Archives: Uncategorized

Ep. #101 – Supervisory Implications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning



This Toronto Centre Note and accompanying podcast describe how financial institutions are using artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), and how supervisors can respond and use AI and ML to improve their efficiency and effectiveness

Read their biographies here.

Read the transcript here.


Ep. #100 – Financial Inclusion and Forcibly Displaced Persons



Micol Pistelli, Senior Financial Inclusion Coordinator, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) discusses the plight of forcibly displaced persons and how supervisors can better support their financial inclusion. Read their bios here. Read the transcript here.


Ep. #96 – War: SDGs Under Fire



This panel discussed how war is affecting the financial, food, and energy sectors and how it threatens financial inclusion and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They explored what central bankers, supervisors, governments, and other policymakers can do to mitigate the impact. Read their biographies here. Read the transcript here.


Ep. #95 – Regulatory and Supervisory Aspects of Crypto-Assets



In this podcast, Dr.Eva Hüpkes of FSB talks about the risks and vulnerabilities associated with crypto assets, including global stable coins, and the challenges in regulating and supervising them. She also discusses how crypto assets can enable financial inclusion. Read their bios here. Read the transcript here.


Ep. #94 – Biodiversity Loss and Threats to Financial Stability



Biodiversity is declining at an unprecedented rate in human history. There is growing evidence that it could have significant economic and financial stability implications for the global society. Biodiversity loss also has powerful inter-relationships with wider issues of climate change and consequently drives climate-related risks. This podcast examines various key aspects of biodiversity loss, its implications for financial stability, and its treatment by central bankers and financial supervisors in addressing climate change risks. Read biographies here. Read transcript here.


Ep. #91 – Lessons For Supervisory Authorities From Crisis Simulation Exercises



Financial crises are expensive, not only in terms of lost income and wealth but also because of their negative impact on financial inclusion and gender equality. It is therefore important to manage and resolve financial crises as effectively as possible.

This Toronto Centre Note is based on Toronto Centre’s wide experience in running crisis simulation exercises, and it discusses a range of learning experiences. Each section covers; what is being tested in crisis simulation exercises, what typically happens in Toronto Centre simulation, and typical lessons learned.

Read the bios here. Read the transcript here.


Ep. #90 – Breaking the Gender Bias in Finance



Toronto Centre joined the global community in celebrating International Women’s Day (IWD) by commemorating women’s achievements, reflecting on progress made and advocating for women’s equality. The panel discussed how financial inclusion helps combat bias and break the barriers to gender equality and the role of financial authorities in supporting positive change. Read the transcript here. Read the biographies here.


Ep. #89 – Adapting Macroprudential Frameworks to Climate Change Risks



Microprudential authorities are beginning to take climate-related risks into account and to reflect them as part of their supervisory principles and practices. However, there is not yet a well-developed macroprudential framework to address climate-related financial risks. This Toronto Centre Note and podcast examine how macroprudential approaches can be adapted to address climate-related financial risks. Read the bios here. Read the transcript here.


Ep. #88 – Inclusive Finance in Turbulent Times



The pandemic, rising inflation, gender inequality, and climate change are contributing to global economic upheaval. The panel discussed the vital role ministries of finance and central banks continue to play, in achieving inclusive and sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction.